The Danish Energy Regulatory Authority (DUR) regulates the infrastructure of the electricity and gas sectors as well as access to this infrastructure. For supply-obligation companies providing electricity, the Authority is also responsible for price control, partly based on requirements for security of supply. Furthermore the Authority carries out benchmarking of the regulated enterprises.
The purpose is to ensure that consumers – households and enterprises – are charged reasonable and transparent prices under reasonable, uniform and transparent terms of supply.
If it is a matter of transparency, DUR regulations can also apply for areas subject to competition, e.g. publication of prices and terms.
DUR’s competence is laid down in the three energy supply acts – the Electricity Supply Act, the Natural Gas Supply Act and the District Heating Supply Act and the Energinet.dk Act.
The Energy Authority is an expert agency operating under the Ministry of Employment and the Economy. Its activities are governed by Finnish energy legislation and aim to ensure that Finland’s energy markets function effectively. The Energy Authority promotes and monitors the energy market as well as promotes the reduction of emissions, energy efficiency and the use of renewable energy.
The Norwegian Water Resources and Energy Directorate (NVE) is subordinated to the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, and is responsible for the administration of Norway´s water and energy resources.
The goals of NVE are to ensure consistent and environmentally sound management of water resources, promote an efficient energy market and cost-effective energy systems, and contribute to the economic utilization of energy.
The Swedish Energy Markets Inspectorate (Ei) is an authority which is commissioned to strive for well-functioning energy markets.
The main purpose of Ei´s work is to ensure that Sweden has well-functioning distribution and trade of electricity, district heating and natural gas. Ei shall also safeguard customers’ interests and strengthen their position on the markets.
In concrete terms, this means that Ei monitor companies’ compliance with the regulatory framework. Ei is also responsible for developing the rules of play and informing customers of their rights. Ei regulates the terms for monopoly companies that run electricity and natural gas networks and monitor the competitive energy markets.
Orkustofnun (National Energy Authority of Iceland)
Orkustofnun is a government agency under the Ministry of Industries and Innovation. Its main responsibilities are to advise the Government of Iceland on energy issues and related topics, license and monitor the development and exploitation of energy and mineral resources, regulate the operation of the electrical transmission and distribution system and promote energy research.
Organization / Divisions Energy Administration Division
The Energy Administration Division is in charge of administration of energy issues, and directs research on energy resources in Iceland.
The Hydrological Service monitors the hydrological conditions and the hydrological budget of Iceland’s water resources, for public authorities and energy organizations.
The United Nations University Geothermal Training Programme is operated by the National Energy Authority under a special agreement with the United Nations University.